Helpful Insights forPatients and Caregivers

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Learn more about Nonpharmacological/Alternative Treatment Options.


  1. National Institute of Mental Health. Brain Stimulation Therapies; 2023. Accessed September 14, 2023.
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  17. Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT). Kaiser Permanente. Updated June 25, 2023. Accessed September 14, 2023.
  18. Blacher S. Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT): Tap to relieve stress and burnout. J Interprof Educ Pract. Mar 2023;30:100599. doi:10.1016/j.xjep.2023.100599
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  20. Church D. The EFT Manual. Fourth Edition. Fulton, CA: Energy Psychology Press; 2019.
  21. Dincer B, Inangil D. The effect of Emotional Freedom Techniques on nurses' stress, anxiety, and burnout levels during the COVID-19 pandemic: A randomized controlled trial. Explore (NY). 2021;17(2):109-114. doi:10.1016/j.explore.2020.11.012
  22. Bach D, Groesbeck G, Stapleton P, Sims R, Blickheuser K, Church D. Clinical EFT (Emotional Freedom Techniques) Improves Multiple Physiological Markers of Health. J Evid Based Integr Med. 2019;24:2515690X18823691. doi:10.1177/2515690X18823691
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  27. Wang SM, Kim NY, Na HR, et al. Rapid Onset of Intranasal Esketamine in Patients with Treatment Resistant Depression and Major Depression with Suicide Ideation: A Meta-Analysis. Clin Psychopharmacol Neurosci. 2021;19(2):341-354. doi:10.9758/cpn.2021.19.2.341