Helpful Insights forPatients and Caregivers

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All antipsychotic drugs, first generation and second generation, block a chemical in the brain called dopamine. Blocking dopamine raises the chance of drug-induced movement side effects.

References

  1. Hasan A, Faalkai P, Wobrock T, et al. World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry (WFSBP) guidelines for biological treatment of schizophrenia, part 2: update on the long term treatment of schizophrenia and management of antipsychotic-induced side effects. World J Biol Psychiatry. 2013 Feb;14(1):2-44.
  2. Crespo-Facorro B, Arrez-Iglesias R, Mata I, et al. Relapse prevention and remission attainment in first- episode non-affective psychosis. A randomized, controlled 1-year follow-up comparison of haloperidol, risperidone, and olanzapine. J Psychiatr Res. 2011;45(6):763-9.
  3. Moore TA, Buchanan RW. The Texas Medication Algorithm Project Antipsychotic Algorithm for Schizophrenia. J Clin Psychol. 2007;68(11):1751–62.
  4. Lewis K. Dystonic reactions [Internet]. StatPearls [Internet]. U.S. National Library of Medicine; 2021 [cited 2021Nov1]. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK531466/
  5. Dadiomov D. What you need to know about tardive dyskinesia (TD) [Internet]. AAPP. 2019 [cited 2021Nov1]. Available from: https://aapp.org/resource/patients/td
  6. Albanese A, Bhatia K, Bressman SB, et al. Phenomenology and classification of dystonia: a consensus update. Mov Disord. 2013 Jun 14; 28(7):863-73.
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