Management of pain in patients with comorbid substance use disorders can be a challenge for providers. Providers may be hesitant to use opioid analgesics in patients with a history of substance misuse or those currently receiving substance use disorder treatment. However, these patients may still experience pain and should have their pain adequately treated.

  • How does one treat pain in the setting of comorbid substance use disorders?1-7
  • What are the consequences of suboptimal pain control in the presence of substance use disorder treatment?8-10
  • How to manage pain in the perioperative and postoperative setting for those on medication assisted treatment for opioid use disorder?11-13

References

  1. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Managing chronic pain in adults with or in recovery from substance use disorders. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 54. HHS Publication No. (SMA) 12-4671. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2013. [Weblink]
  2. Miotto K, Kaufman A, Kong A, Jun G, Schwartz J. Managing co-occurring substance use and pain disorders. Psychiatric Clin North Am. 2012;35(2):393-409. DOI: 10.1016/j.psc.2012.03.006. PubMed PMID: 22640762.
  3. Chang Y-P, Compton P. Management of chronic pain with chronic opioid therapy in patients with substance use disorders. Addict Sci Clin Pract. 2013;8:21. DOI: 10.1186/1940-0640-8-21. PubMed PMID: 24341916; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3904483.
  4. Cheatle M, Comer D, Wunsch M, Skoufalos A, Reddy Y. Treating pain in addicted patients: recommendations from an expert panel. Popul Health Manag. 2014;17(2):79-89. DOI: 10.1089/pop.2013.0041. PubMed PMID: 24138341; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3996998.
  5. Liebschutz J, Beers D, Lange A. Managing Chronic Pain in Patients with Opioid Dependence. Curr Treat Options Psychiatry. 2014;1(2):204-223. DOI: 10.1007/s40501-014-0015-4. PubMed PMID: 24892008; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4039557.
  6. Dowell D, Haegerich TM, Chou R. CDC guideline for prescribing opioids for chronic pain — United States, 2016. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2016;65:1-49. [PubMed]
  7. Speed TJ, Parekh V, Coe W, Antoine D. Comorbid chronic pain and opioid use disorder: literature review and potential treatment innovations. Int Rev Psychiatry. 2018;30(5):136-146. [PubMed]
  8. Bounes V, Palmaro A, Lepeyre-Mestre M, Roussin A. Long-term consequences of acute pain for patients under methadone or buprenorphine maintenance treatment.  Pain Physician. 2013;16(6):E739-47. [PubMed]
  9. Kampman K, Jarvis M. American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM) National Practice Guideline for the Use of Medications in the Treatment of Addiction Involving Opioid Use. J Addict Med. 2015;9(5):358-67. DOI: 10.1097/ADM.0000000000000166. PubMed PMID: 26406300; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4605275.
  10. Henningfield JE, Ashworth JB, Gerlach KK, Simone B, Schnoll SH. The nexus of opioids, pain, and addiction: Challenges and solutions. Prev Med. 2019;128:105852. [PubMed]
  11. Goel A, Azargive S, Weissman JS, et al. Perioperative Pain and Addiction Interdisciplinary Network (PAIN) clinical practice advisory for perioperative management of buprenorphine: results of a modified Delphi process. Br J Anaesth. 2019;123(2):e333-e342. [PubMed]
  12. Goel A, Azargive S, Lamba W, et al. The perioperative patient on buprenorphine: a systematic review of perioperative management strategies and patient outcomes. Can J Anaesth. 2019;66(2):201-217. [PubMed]
  13. Mehta D, Thomas V, Johnson J, et al. Continuation of Buprenorphine to Facilitate Postoperative Pain Management for Patients on Buprenorphine Opioid Agonist Therapy. Pain Physician. 2020;23(2):E163-E174. [PubMed]
25 Years!