Most Collaborative Practice Agreements (CPAs) focus on optimizing patient therapy through interdisciplinary care to provide peak service and improve quality of life and overall wellbeing. *Note that individual State Boards of Pharmacy should be consulted to address specific legislative requirements associated with CPA development*

  • Where can I find innovative CPA information and translational tools for implementing a CPA at my facility?1-5
  • What are key themes for successful implementation of collaborative care?6
  • Is there a CPA toolkit for pharmacists?7
  • What are some examples of CPAs?8-9
  • What is the scope of practice for pharmacists who practice within the Veterans Health Administration?10-11
  • What are the state-specific laws regarding CPAs?12
  • What qualifies a pharmacist to practice under a CPA?13


  1. CDC. Advancing Team-Based Care Through Collaborative Practice Agreements (CPA). A Resource and Implementation Guide for Adding Pharmacists to the Care Team [Weblink]
  2. APhA Foundation:CPA and Pharmacists’ Patient Care Services. [Weblink]
  3. Law AV, Gupta EK, Hata M, et al. Collaborative pharmacy practice: an update. Integr Pharm Res Pract. 2013;2:1-16. [Weblink]
  4. Collaborative Practice Agreements and Pharmacists’ Patient Care Services: A resource for doctors, nurses, physician assistants, and other. [Weblink]
  5. Pharmacy: Collaborative Practice Agreements to Enable Collaborative Drug Therapy Management. [Weblink]
  6. American Pharmacists Association Foundation and American Pharmacists Association. Consortium Recommendations for Advancing Pharmacists’ Patient Care Services and Collaborative Practice Agreements. J Am Pharm Assoc. 2013;53: e132-e141. [PubMed]
  7. National Alliance of State Pharmacy Associations (NASPA). Collaborative Practice Agreements: Resources and More. June 8, 2017. [Weblink]
  8. Collaborative Practice Agreement Sample: Montana Board of Pharmacy Regulations [Weblink]
  9. Collaborative Practice Agreement Sample: Version 2 [Weblink]
  10. VHA Handbook 1108:11(1): Clinical Pharmacy Services. 2017. [Weblink]
  11. Review of Mental Health Clinical Pharmacists in Veterans Health Administration Facilities. [Weblink]
  12. Select Features of State Pharmacist Collaborative Practice Laws. [Weblink]
  13. Svingen C. Clinical pharmacist credentialing and privileging: a process for ensuring high-quality patient care. Fed Pract. 2019;36(4):155-157. [PubMed]
25 Years!