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References are located at the bottom of this page.


  1. Institute of Medicine. To Err is Human: Building a safer health system. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2000.
  2. Real K, Bell S, Williams MV, Latham B, Talari P, Li J. Patient Perceptions and Real-Time Observations of Bedside Rounding Team Communication: The Interprofessional Teamwork Innovation Model (ITIM). Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2020;46(7):400-409. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcjq.2020.04.005. PubMed PMID: 32473967.
  3. The Patient Care Process for Delivering Comprehensive Medication Management [Internet]. [cited 2021 Oct 20]. American College of Clinical Pharmacy. Available from: 
  4. National Board of Medication Therapy Management, Thomas, D. & Tran, J. (2020, September 1). Medication Therapy Management. National Board of Medication Therapy Management 
  5. PCPCC Medication Management Task Force. (2012). Integrating Comprehensive Medication Management to optimize patient outcomes resource guide.   
  6. AAPP Issue Brief: Addressing the Treatment Gap for Opioid and Substance Use Disorders [Internet]. [cited 2021 Oct 20]. American Association of Psychiatric Pharmacists. Available from:
  7. Canales PL, Dorson PG, Crismon ML. Outcomes assessment of clinical pharmacy services in a psychiatric inpatient setting. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2001;58(14):1309-16. PubMed PMID: 11471478.